Everyone should have a bug out bag – even if they don’t believe that the world as we know it is going to end soon. This collection of emergency items need not include guns, grenades and bullet proof vests but they should be sufficient to meet your survival needs for at least three to five days.
When it comes to building a bug out bag there are literally thousands of posts scattered around the internet. The truth is, most of these lists are just a guideline. So take them all with a grain of salt.
Basic Contents of a Bug Out Bag
1. Water is the first thing you have to be sure your bug out bag has. Each person needs about a liter of water daily so you need to have five liters of water if you intend to be ready for five days of isolation. Resources vary on the specific amount you need to store because the Red Cross, for example, suggests a gallon of water per person per day. The water you store should be changed regularly so that it is always fresh.
2. Food is of course the next most important item in a bug out bag. Be ready with enough non-perishable food to last you for three to five days. The best type of food to set aside for this purpose would be canned goods, freeze dried meals and energy bars.
3. You should include flashlights and a radio which can run on batteries. Along with this you need extra batteries. Remember that there might not be any electricity at all so flashlights and batteries are serious necessities.
4. An extra battery (fully charged) for your cell phone. The assumption here is that it is not yet Armageddon or the Crunch so there won’t be electricity but your phones will still work.
5. Towelettes, personal hygiene items, paper towels, hand sanitizers and disinfectants should be in your kit. Running water may not be available and more than ever, you will want to be clean. Make sure you have these supplies.
6. If you have a baby or a toddler, make sure you have the supplies needed by this young person. Again these have to be replaced regularly especially if you are storing things for a baby who is less than a year old. At that age they outgrow clothes and diapers very quickly so make sure what you store is the right size.
7. A first aid kit is something you should have whether it is disaster time or not. You may in fact already have one. If so, just update the contents and anticipate bigger needs. Your kit should contain good plaster and gauze, wound disinfectant, materials for slings, antibiotic creams, disposable gloves and medicines such as aspirin, antihistamines, the medication you regularly take plus those you seem too need often.
8. There are some miscellaneous items that are also good to have in a bug out bag: duct tape, multi-tool scissors, a can opener, a good knife and a dust mask (a gas mask would be better but then that would make you a prepper).
9. Sunglasses or safety goggles are also a good item to have on hand.
10. At least one change of clothes; a jacket and thermal underwear if it is fall or winter.
11. A sleeping bag in case you do have to move out for the duration of the three days.
12. Material that you can make into a tent and cover for the ground.
When disaster strikes you do need some things to survive and these things are often not difficult to gather. For example, for years homeless people have been making makeshift tents out of extra large heavy duty garbage bags so there you have your makeshift shelter material. You can get a dust mask from a regular hardware, just ask for one that will protect you while you are sanding and painting your walls. For a good multi-tool knife, read reviews of knives, check out which one is the best then order one on line. A bug out bag is a good thing to put together and keep on hand because when disasters happen, having one could mean the difference between life and death.
Life as you know it will be altered when a pandemic strikes. You’ll be forced to make decisions that could impact the health of your family. While certain things may cease to function, you can’t ignore a child’s education.
If schools are still operating during a pandemic, sending your child into the school could be a bad thing. Wherever large groups of people congregate, the germs can thrive.
This is why when one child gets sick in a school or daycare center, the illness spreads so quickly. This is one of the reasons that during the H1N1 pandemic, approximately 600 schools closed down temporarily in an attempt to stop the virus from being spread among the children.
That wasn’t the first time the swine flu caused massive school closures. Some of the schools reacted by allowing the students to learn online at home, which is a form of homeschooling.
Making the decision to homeschool is not an easy one to make – especially if you’ve never done it before. However, in a pandemic, it can turn out to be what’s best and safest for your family.
Knowing when to homeschool should depend on the seriousness of an outbreak. You need to stay on top of how many families with kids are calling in sick.
For example, in the swine flu outbreak, almost half the students at one school called in sick. Before it reaches those proportions, it’s time to keep your child at home for schooling.
You can find out from your child’s school where your student is in the learning process of each subject and you can pick up from there so that he doesn’t lose out on any schooling.
You want to be prepared now for homeschooling. You can purchase books online in your child’s grade level – including teacher workbooks, answer keys and lesson plans.
Look specifically for subjects your child is currently taking. Find matching quiz and test booklets or make your own tests from the text your child is reading. You can buy field equipment your child will need for biology such as microscopes, slides and specimens.
Anything you can buy that will give your child a hands-on experience will help his education. You can buy books at bookstores and at thrift stores. The local library also often has textbooks on sale for pennies on the dollar.
You can find algebra books, foreign language books, science, psychology and more. In fact, there’s so much information available, that your child could end up better prepared educationally when he is able to return to school.
Start now printing off any materials you think you’ll use. Some homeschool websites will list resources and you can print off lesson plans as well as lesson samples.
Some online sites – such as Amazon – list some homeschooling digital books for free so that would take care of a portion of what you need. You’ll want to have a lesson plan book and keep meticulous records of what your child learned so that you have a way to show accountability to the state that you live in.
Each state has different laws about homeschooling, so get informed now. You’ll also want to keep records of the day and hours your child worked on schoolwork so that you have attendance and time records.
Those who are prepared for a crisis situation know that a time to bug out may come. A bug out is exactly how it sounds. It means it’s time to get out of dodge.
Bugging out may mean you’ll have to get where you’re going by walking. If this is the case, then you need to make sure that you have sturdy shoes or boots and the means to have food and shelter if it’s going to be a long trek. Being prepared for this scenario means having a bug out bag where you can get to it when the time comes for you to go.
Bugging out by vehicle means that you’re leaving in a vehicle that’s already prepared ahead of time for a bug out. That means your vehicle is gassed up and ready to go within seconds.
It’s time to bug out when the place you’re at is no longer safe – or could be compromised – and survival may become an issue. This means you need to be prepared to bug out in the event of a weather emergency, a terrorist attack, a flash mob or a riot.
You also need to leave fast if there’s a contaminate set loose in your area – such as a train derailment and the train was carrying some nasty hazardous materials that escaped into the air. City-wide black outs are a criminal’s favorite time to come out and wreak havoc. Your possessions aren’t worth losing your life over – so leave.
If there’s been a city-wide breakdown of communication resources, like if the 911 system crashes, get out. These systems are all computer run – and when the computer crashes, you’re on your own. When a city goes down, law and order goes out the window and chaos ensues.
If some nasty weather is headed your direction and it’s not looking good, get out before the government officials tell you to get out. Why? Because there will always be thousands who wait until the last possible minute to leave – and you may end up trapped in your vehicle sitting still on an interstate while a harrowing storm bears down on you.
Plan ahead of time to take an alternate evacuation route, since the main roads will be overrun by people trying to leave. Print out your escape routes and have them where you can get to them easily.
Know where you’re going. Don’t just hop into your vehicle and take off. Plan ahead for every possible emergency. Have your kit or bag ready to take with you when you go. Inside the bag, you should have water, food, first aid, a way to take care of shelter – like a sleeping bag or poncho, flashlights and personal safety tools like Mace or weapons.
Make sure you pack a battery-operated or hand crank radio so that you can listen for emergency broadcasts. Have a way to start a fire and make sure you have a change of clothes.
The average American says it’s easier to do their own taxes than it is to figure out what to eat and how many calories per day they need. Whether you’re planning your emergency food strategy or you’re reviewing an existing plan, now is a good time to think it through so you can ensure that everyone in your family has adequate nutrition in an emergency. Fortunately, it’s not that hard:
What kind of emergency?
First, ask yourself what kind of emergency you’re planning for. If you’re creating an emergency stash of food for a snow day where you’ll be playing games all day, you won’t need as many calories as you would if you’re spending the day clearing storm debris. Caloric needs have been updated recently and require an understanding of what it means to be sedentary, moderately active or active.
Sedentary means no extra physical activity beyond daily activities for living.
Moderate means walking up to 3 miles daily at a normal pace (3 to 4 mph).
Active walking more than 3 miles daily, or heavy manual labor.
Consider the likely disasters in your geographic area then imagine what your day would be like. Would you be engaged repairing your house, clearing debris or helping the community rebuild or would you be passing time with paperbacks until services returned to normal?
How many calories?
Once you’ve determined your “emergency” activity level, check the chart (2014 U.S. Dietary Guidelines) for recommended maximum calorie intake. If you’d like to take the opportunity to lose some weight, subtract up to 500 calories from the recommended caloric intake.
Balance your calories
There are a lot of fad diets out there that require you to avoid certain types of food, such as carbs and fat. However, carbohydrates are required for energy and fat helps you feel full and can help stabilize blood sugar. Wise Company entrees and snacks allow you to create the right balance. Choose from our freeze-dried such as Roasted Chicken or Savory Roasted Ground Beef. Then, choose an energy source such as granola or pasta entrees. Include a freeze-dried vegetable for fiber and micronutrients and you’ll have a well-rounded meal that will keep you going no matter what.
There is a possibility that one out 10 people can be stranded alone on a deserted island and can be very difficult to survive. Survival for humans means shelter, food, and clothing. Today, the advancement of science and technologies have led much of humankind to forget even the most basic techniques of survival.
This neglect could mean danger or even death to individuals especially when they are trapped in a precarious situation. This is the reason why people must understand why it is important be prepared at all times. It is normal to panic, but keep in mind that panic can only lead to discomfort and harm. There are survival techniques that one needs to learn which can be used in case you find yourself trapped in an unlikely situation. These are the following:
1. Building fire – One of the most important survival techniques is learning how to make fire. The benefits of fire can be used for light, cooking food, purifying water, signaling possible rescuers, and supplying warmth to the body. When stranded on an island it is natural to be in the territory of wild animals, and fire can keep predators away. Fire can be ignited with the help of a lighter or matchbox. However, if you do not have those kinds of tools, learn how to make a fire by using the old-fashioned way – by rubbing two small rocks to start a fire. Although, this technique can be difficult for some individuals, a little practice can do the trick. Furthermore, do not forget to collect enough wood that can sustain fire for one whole night.
Read this simple 36-page survival guide that will give you everything I’ve learned about building fires in one easy 30 minute read.
There’s no fluff and NO B.S. Just the raw information and step-by-step instructions you need to start a roaring fire no matter where you are or what “tools” you have on hand.
2. Food and Water – When stranded, food and water are essential for survival. A person can survive up to 3 days without drinking water. Consider conserving water at all times and do not ever attempt to drink urine. Collect and stock enough food such as plants, animals, and fruits. Do not try to eat plants and wild berries that are unfamiliar to you. If the cause of the incidence is a plane crash or such, visit the crash site and try to search for food. When drinking water, if possible always boil the water before drinking it. Use a piece of cloth to strain the water to remove any particles in the water.
3. Building a shelter is another of the survival techniques that will be useful when stranded on an island. One of the enemies in survival is maintaining the overall body temperature. Making a shelter can help protect you from direct heat, exposure to wind, rain or even snow. You should practice how to make a quick shelter that can withstand different weather conditions by using materials around you. Do not forget to include creating a hat and keeping your body protected from elements. According to some experts, layers of clothing can trap the air and can provide the body warmth.
These survival techniques are the most basic that a person can perform to survive until rescue arrives. Knowing the different survival techniques can be very helpful when it comes to survival. Being stranded on a deserted island is a million to nothing chance, however it always pays to be prepared. It’s never too early to learn and understand the different survival techniques.
Although most vegetarians consume a considerable amount of protein, they often do not absorb as much as they would on a nonvegetarian diet. This is because plant proteins are considerably less digestible than animal proteins, which contain amino acid chains that are closer or identical to human amino acid chains.
Consuming animal proteins might yield close to a 1:1 absorption ratio, while consuming plant proteins, such as wheat, might only yield 50% of the amino acids needed to build a “complete protein” or a protein that can readily be assimilated into the human body.
In order for vegetarians to absorb a healthy amount of protein, they must consume a variety of plant proteins to form complete amino chains. By eating vegetables, legumes, seeds, nuts, fruits, and whole grains, vegetarians can increase the amount of complete proteins they create by combining a number of varieties of amino acid chains.
Vegetarians must also consume more foods that contain proteins because plant proteins are generally harder to digest. While a nutritional label may suggest that pasta has 5 grams of protein per serving; you may only be able to digest 2-3 grams of that protein, which means you must complement the pasta with other sources of protein.
In addition to natural sources of protein, vegetarians should also seek foods that are “protein-fortified”– or artificially-infused with protein.
For example, many supermarkets offer a variety “protein-fortified” pasta and bread. I have seen pasta that contains as much as 12 grams of protein per serving.
Soy milk is also a good source of protein for vegetarians. Studies on isolated soy protein show that it can be absorbed nearly as well as animal proteins, yielding close to a 1:1 protein absorption ratio.
For non-vegan vegetarians, yogurt, milk, and eggs (which contain complete proteins) are all excellent sources of protein.
As a vegetarian you have a number of options to boost your protein intake – and you should consider taking advantage of all of them. You should diversify your food selections, drink more soy products, and eat “protein-fortified” breads and pasta.
All GoFoods Global products are suitable for vegetarians as they do not contain any meat products. Instead, the company uses textured vegetable protein (TVP) to provide the taste and texture of meat in flavoring only.
It never fails – the one thing you forget is the one thing you really, really need.
Usually it’s something little. You’ve got a flashlight but no batteries. A cell phone but no charger. Kindling but no matches.
But what if you forgot something bigger? Something that could cost you your life?
Don’t make that mistake – see what’s missing from your survival plan:
It’s every prepper’s nightmare. You do everything right except for one little thing that makes your whole system worthless.
That’s the kind of problem that keeps me up at night. Or at least it used to… until I finally stopped trying to remember everything and found this.
It was written by ‘Above Average’ Joe over at Survival Life. He combed through dozens of books on getting ready for anything using a checklist, and combined them with all of his homemade lists to create one easy-to-read collection of preparedness checklists.
And then – just to be sure nothing was missing – he showed his rough draft to other prepper friends in the U.S. and overseas.
The end result is a compact, easy to use guide that fills in the gaps of any survival plan. You’ll know exactly what to buy, what doesn’t matter, and how to save money along the way.
Why worry you’re going to forget something important? Joe has already done the hard work for you. Just get his special book of checklists now.
If you want to survive a natural disaster, you’ll need to beat the odds that offers at least a 50/50 chance to live. Sometimes you are just at the wrong place at the wrong time when an emergency is encountered. It might be an earthquake, flood, winter storm, typhoon, and such.
In recent times we’ve seen floods in Colorado, wildfires in Colorado, California and Arizona, tornadoes in Oklahoma, and snowstorms in various parts of the country. There really is no way to prevent a natural disaster from occurring, but that doesn’t mean you have to be left helpless. The number of people who are unprepared and unaware of what to do during these disasters is alarmingly high. Here are some tips and survival strategies to help you be more prepared for the next disaster:
1. Stay calm
Natural disasters can happen anytime and anywhere and this can commonly result to panic particularly during a very stressful situation. Staying calm and thinking of a better plan is perhaps one of the most important survival strategies. Unpreparedness is the number one reason why most people become tense and panicky, but this can only end badly, resulting in serious injuries or even getting killed. Think calmly while applying each and every basic survival strategy learned in the past to be able to survive.
2. Protect yourself at all times
Natural disasters are not the only enemy during emergencies. Opportunistic individuals are also considered as a threat because they take advantage of the disaster. These people may steal your valuables or even do things that can harm your life. It is important to be prepared at all times by protecting yourself from all the factors that can cause danger during disasters.
Seek higher or safer grounds
Sometimes a natural disaster calls for you to look for a safe and secure area to hide or stay until rescue arrives. For example, when dealing with an earthquake, it is important to consider staying under a solid and stable table or object that can protect you from falling debris. For floods on the other hand, try to stay on high grounds whether it is on the second floor or roof top and wait to be rescued. Aside from a safe location, other measures must also be prepared including preparing necessities such as food, water and first aid materials.
Find a Way to Signal Rescue
Communication is very important especially during a natural disaster. However, there is usually increased difficulty of communication during this time which might take weeks or longer if communication lines are down. Thus, how can you signal for help? If you are trapped in a building because of an earthquake, try to make a noise by hitting a metallic object to signal for help. The vibration of the sound may reach the top surface and be heard by the rescuer. These rescuers are always alert when it comes to sounds as they use this method to find any victims of the disaster. If you are surrounded by flood and are on the rooftop, try to wave your arms at any flying aircraft for help.
Natural disasters can cause the death to thousands of people, so you’ll want to increase your odds of survival with as many survival strategies as you can muster. If you live in an area prone to natural disaster, you should learn some simple strategies for dealing with the kind of disaster most likely to occur in that area.
Whenever people go camping and plan to do their own cooking, they will have to pack their own camping cookware, and the type they used will have to be made for the type of cooking they plan to do. Another variable in the type of camping cookware they carry will be how it will be transported. Lightweight aluminum or titanium cookware is recommended for hiking, but if traveling by camper or trailer, heavy-duty stainless steel is recommended for durability.
How much camping cookware that a family carries will depend on the size of the family as well as the type of cooking they plan to do on the road. A stockpot will definitely be needed to boil water as well as in which to cook soup and stew while a frying pan is used for many other type of cooking. A coffee pot or teakettle will also be high on the list of necessities for any family that appreciates hot beverages.
Durability is one point when choosing camping cookware as many of the less expensive types will not hold up under such fiery conditions. Especially, if the cooking is going to be done over an open fire the camping cookware will need to be heavy-duty, able to withstand the heat.
Important To Keep Cookware Clean
When cooking outside, it is important to remember to clean the camping cookware after each use. Since there probably will not be an automatic dishwasher there will need to optional methods of keeping it clean. Since using non-stick cookware in the wild is not feasible most camping cookware is made of durable steel or another type of metal. It also not feasible to carry different cleansers and if the pot or pan needs scoured, a little bit of sand and hot water can do the trick.
While scouring pads that include their own soap are convenient, after the first use you will probably want to discard them to prevent them from rusting in a plastic bag. Using a little bit of sand and a wet rag can clean the camping cookware can be clean and ready for the next meal.
If using most camping cookware for the first time, especially cast iron cookware, it should be properly seasoned. This is accomplished by using a light layer or cooking oil and heating the cookware until the oil burns off. Not in flames, but from the heat of the fire. Instructions on how to properly season camping cookware that requires it are usually included with the instructions with new pieces.
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