Accidents, natural disasters, and other emergency situations are realistic disasters that people face every single day. During such incidences, no one is exempted, even children. These young ones are included in the thousands of reports all over the world regarding the devastating outcomes of calamities where there are children missing, badly injured or even found dead. Early in a child’s life, it is important to teach them basic survival skills because you’ll never know what life has in store for them.

Basically, children have different cognitive responses to understand how important survival means compared to adults. According to some survival experts, children have difficultly absorbing the topic of ultimate survival, but with the aid of role playing methods that include basic survival drills; children can process and retain how important survival is. This is applicable for disasters whether man-made or natural ones. When it comes to role playing, make it simple and interactive so that children are able to participate and get fun out of the exercise.

Children do not have the brain structure and ability to sustain complex survival methods and strategies compared to adults. Given the fact that disasters do not affect people based on gender, age and especially the level of intellect, children may have different cognitive understanding and response but they can be taught the basic survival skills.

Here are some ways to teach and train survival lessons for children:

  • Stop – When in danger or caught in an emergency scenario, try to incorporate the word stop to children. Stop means taking a deeper breath, staying calm and acknowledging the problem. Try to explain to them that it is impossible to undo the past, but looking forward to the future to survive is what must be thought of.
  • Think – Children are commonly dismissed by adults when it comes to thinking on their own especially during stressful situations. However, children have a very wide understanding and imagination when it comes to survival. Try to develop and sharpen those cognitive skills by letting them know what to prevent during stressful situations, which is panic. Do not forget to emphasize to them the phrase “Don’t Panic”, instead think of a better way and act with caution. Panic can imbalance the young minds of children and eventually may lead to possible mistakes and injuries.
  • Observe – One of the things that must be taught to children is to observe. Try to give them drills were they can assess and observe options that can enhance survival. This includes equipment, supplies, surroundings and personal capabilities to survive.
  • Plan – Children can be taught to plan to survive and prioritize basic needs in dealing with the emergency situation and how to conserve the supplies and equipments wisely. Make sure to insert advice that a plan can be altered along the way and they must have a back-up plan every now and again until the rescue arrives.

You might consider using the abbreviation of the word “STOP” where “S” stand for stop, “T” is for think, “O” is for observe and “P” is for plan. This kind of method is simple yet easy to remember for children when they encounter a stressful scenario.

Knowing and understanding some basic survival skills can help an individual to survive in any emergency scenario even if they are young children.

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Everyone hopes that when a crisis hits, it will be over quickly. But that might not be the case and it could last for a few weeks, a few months or stretch toward a year or more before things settle down.

Regardless of how prepared you are with your food supply, you should always take into consideration that something could happen to that supply. In the event that something does go wrong and you run short on supplies or your food supply is destroyed, you may not be able to bring more in the way you first stored it up.

For that reason, you need to know how to hunt and fish to provide for your family’s food needs. If you’re a complete beginner and you know someone who’s been active in the hunting community, see if they’ll let you come along so that you can learn from them.

Seeing things done hands-on will help you pick up the skill faster. When you’re hunting, you need to know how to find the game that you’re seeking. This involves being able to track the game.

Animals will leave a trail and you need to know which trail belongs to which target. Practice with your firearm before you go hunting – especially if you’re not used to hunting.

An injured animal can be a dangerous one. Never aim your firearm at anything except your target. Start by hunting prey that’s smaller first before you decide to go after the bigger animals.

The supplies you’ll need for hunting depend on what you’re hunting. But some standard hunting equipment includes proper clothing – including safety vests and boots.

It also includes rifles, shotguns and handguns, plus the accompanying ammunition. You’ll need binoculars and night vision scopes. You’ll also need carts or drags if you’re hunting larger game like deer.

You can add to that knives or butchering kits. For fishing, you only need a few supplies to get started. You can start with a rod and bait. A fishing rod can be one such as a casting or spinning rod.

fishing-off-pierBut a simple fishing pole will do the job as well. You’ll want to use a light reel if you’re a beginner, because this lets you feel the way the fish move. Start with the basic bait and lures.

If you don’t have any plastic fishing lures, you can use earthworms. These should be plentiful and because they move in the water, fish are attracted to them. Other supplies you’ll need are hooks and bobbers, a bait bucket if you use live bait, fish stringer and a net.

For after you catch the fish, you’ll need a filet knife and ice packs to pack the fish in the cooler. For peak fish biting times, you’ll want to look at a lunar calendar. You can see these online many places free of charge.

Photo credit: Foter / CC BY-SA

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Ebola is a disease that is deadly and can lurk in a body until it makes its presence known. Sadly, the majority of people are unprepared to deal with it on any kind of serious level.

Too many people figured the government was right when they assured the public that Ebola wasn’t a big deal and that it could be handled with expertise. But what we have learned to be true is entirely different.

We’re also learning now that President Barack Obama’s administration has been preparing plans to ship non US citizens with Ebola into the United States to receive treatment.

The disease is unpredictable and you can’t afford to be unprepared. Your life and the life of your loved ones depend on preparation. It’s wise to start your preparation by having face masks on hand.

And you don’t want any of those low quality ones that allow droplets of moisture from an infected person to get around the seal. You need something like the N95 masks.

The 3M 8511 Particulate N95 Respirator with Valve is made by a company that knows how to deal with contaminants. You can cut your risk of exposure to the Ebola virus by wearing one of these.

Ordinary masks won’t do it because these respirator masks have a higher protection standard and can protect you in a way that dust filter masks can’t. You want a mask like this one that has a respirator valve.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has given the nod of approval for this mask. That means that this product was tested for its efficiency and showed an excellence in its ability to protect the people who wear it.

It’s specifically designed to protect people from particles that get into the air. This is an important factor because if someone with the Ebola virus sneezes or coughs – or even spews vomit everywhere, those particles hang in the air, suspended.

The unknowing person walking behind them, even if it’s not a close distance, passes through the same area and inhales those unseen particles and then the virus continues to spread.

The features with this mask are designed for comfort as well as safety. The mask keeps moisture and heat at bay so you’re protected against fogging like you get with some cheaper masks.

It has the bendable nose piece so users can be assured of a customized fit. The straps with this one don’t tangle so you can put it on and take it off easily. These masks come in a pack of ten, so stock up before there’s a run on the supply.

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The Ebola virus gets its name from the Ebola River which is the location of the first outbreaks in the mid 70s. It’s being called a crisis today because of the sheer number of deaths the latest outbreak has caused.

Experts told us not to worry, that there’s virtually no chance the outbreak will spread to other countries. Perhaps what they meant was no other countries will face the epidemic like the one being experienced in its country of origin.

But these same experts said the same thing about other epidemics and yet they spread from their country of origin. It only takes one person infected to spread the infection to countless others.

The current outbreak of Ebola, the worst ever recorded, has killed 3,879 people out of 8,033 cases as of Oct. 5, according to a report from the World Health Organization. The situation in the most heavily affected countries—Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone—”continues to deteriorate,” the WHO report said.

The U.S. experienced it’s first official Ebola death on October 8, 2014 with the death of Thomas Eric Duncan in Dallas Texas.

Many serious outbreaks, including Ebola can spread like wildfire. Imagine a theater full of people. One of them is infected with Ebola but doesn’t know it yet. He coughs and his droplets hang on the air and then are inhaled by the man in front of him who opens his mouth to laugh at a funny scene in the movie. Just like that, a pandemic is born.

You need to educate yourself about the Ebola virus so that you can protect yourself and your family. That’s how you win the battle against anything – with the knowledge you need to keep yourself as safe as possible.

There are actually five different kinds of the Ebola virus. Many people don’t have a lot of knowledge about it. What they mostly know is that it can cause bleeding to come from an infected person.

Someone can get infected with the virus and it can take anywhere from 48 hours to three weeks before you notice any symptoms – and every case is unique. So that means that person can go about their normal activities spreading it to more people, not even knowing that he or she is carrying such a deadly virus.

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Everyone should have a bug out bag – even if they don’t believe that the world as we know it is going to end soon. This collection of emergency items need not include guns, grenades and bullet proof vests but they should be sufficient to meet your survival needs for at least three to five days.

When it comes to building a bug out bag there are literally thousands of posts scattered around the internet. The truth is, most of these lists are just a guideline. So take them all with a grain of salt.

72 Hour Kits
Not every list will work for you and there is no single “perfect” pre made kit. The Ultimate bug out bag for you will be the one that you build from the ground up and fully customize.

Basic Contents of a Bug Out Bag

1. Water is the first thing you have to be sure your bug out bag has. Each person needs about a liter of water daily so you need to have five liters of water if you intend to be ready for five days of isolation. Resources vary on the specific amount you need to store because the Red Cross, for example, suggests a gallon of water per person per day. The water you store should be changed regularly so that it is always fresh.

Nitro-Pak Ultimate Pak Freeze-Dried Food2. Food is of course the next most important item in a bug out bag. Be ready with enough non-perishable food to last you for three to five days. The best type of food to set aside for this purpose would be canned goods, freeze dried meals and energy bars.

3. You should include flashlights and a radio which can run on batteries. Along with this you need extra batteries. Remember that there might not be any electricity at all so flashlights and batteries are serious necessities.

4. An extra battery (fully charged) for your cell phone. The assumption here is that it is not yet Armageddon or the Crunch so there won’t be electricity but your phones will still work.

5. Towelettes, personal hygiene items, paper towels, hand sanitizers and disinfectants should be in your kit. Running water may not be available and more than ever, you will want to be clean. Make sure you have these supplies.

6. If you have a baby or a toddler, make sure you have the supplies needed by this young person. Again these have to be replaced regularly especially if you are storing things for a baby who is less than a year old. At that age they outgrow clothes and diapers very quickly so make sure what you store is the right size.

7. A first aid kit is something you should have whether it is disaster time or not. You may in fact already have one. If so, just update the contents and anticipate bigger needs. Your kit should contain good plaster and gauze, wound disinfectant, materials for slings, antibiotic creams, disposable gloves and medicines such as aspirin, antihistamines, the medication you regularly take plus those you seem too need often.

8. There are some miscellaneous items that are also good to have in a bug out bag: duct tape, multi-tool scissors, a can opener, a good knife and a dust mask (a gas mask would be better but then that would make you a prepper).

9. Sunglasses or safety goggles are also a good item to have on hand.

10. At least one change of clothes; a jacket and thermal underwear if it is fall or winter.

11. A sleeping bag in case you do have to move out for the duration of the three days.

12. Material that you can make into a tent and cover for the ground.

When disaster strikes you do need some things to survive and these things are often not difficult to gather. For example, for years homeless people have been making makeshift tents out of extra large heavy duty garbage bags so there you have your makeshift shelter material. You can get a dust mask from a regular hardware, just ask for one that will protect you while you are sanding and painting your walls. For a good multi-tool knife, read reviews of knives, check out which one is the best then order one on line. A bug out bag is a good thing to put together and keep on hand because when disasters happen, having one could mean the difference between life and death.

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Life as you know it will be altered when a pandemic strikes. You’ll be forced to make decisions that could impact the health of your family. While certain things may cease to function, you can’t ignore a child’s education.

If schools are still operating during a pandemic, sending your child into the school could be a bad thing. Wherever large groups of people congregate, the germs can thrive.

This is why when one child gets sick in a school or daycare center, the illness spreads so quickly. This is one of the reasons that during the H1N1 pandemic, approximately 600 schools closed down temporarily in an attempt to stop the virus from being spread among the children.

That wasn’t the first time the swine flu caused massive school closures. Some of the schools reacted by allowing the students to learn online at home, which is a form of homeschooling.

Making the decision to homeschool is not an easy one to make – especially if you’ve never done it before. However, in a pandemic, it can turn out to be what’s best and safest for your family.

Knowing when to homeschool should depend on the seriousness of an outbreak. You need to stay on top of how many families with kids are calling in sick.

For example, in the swine flu outbreak, almost half the students at one school called in sick. Before it reaches those proportions, it’s time to keep your child at home for schooling.

You can find out from your child’s school where your student is in the learning process of each subject and you can pick up from there so that he doesn’t lose out on any schooling.

You want to be prepared now for homeschooling. You can purchase books online in your child’s grade level – including teacher workbooks, answer keys and lesson plans.

Look specifically for subjects your child is currently taking. Find matching quiz and test booklets or make your own tests from the text your child is reading. You can buy field equipment your child will need for biology such as microscopes, slides and specimens.

Anything you can buy that will give your child a hands-on experience will help his education. You can buy books at bookstores and at thrift stores. The local library also often has textbooks on sale for pennies on the dollar.

You can find algebra books, foreign language books, science, psychology and more. In fact, there’s so much information available, that your child could end up better prepared educationally when he is able to return to school.

Start now printing off any materials you think you’ll use. Some homeschool websites will list resources and you can print off lesson plans as well as lesson samples.

Some online sites – such as Amazon – list some homeschooling digital books for free so that would take care of a portion of what you need. You’ll want to have a lesson plan book and keep meticulous records of what your child learned so that you have a way to show accountability to the state that you live in.

Each state has different laws about homeschooling, so get informed now. You’ll also want to keep records of the day and hours your child worked on schoolwork so that you have attendance and time records.

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Those who are prepared for a crisis situation know that a time to bug out may come. A bug out is exactly how it sounds. It means it’s time to get out of dodge.

Back packBugging out may mean you’ll have to get where you’re going by walking. If this is the case, then you need to make sure that you have sturdy shoes or boots and the means to have food and shelter if it’s going to be a long trek. Being prepared for this scenario means having a bug out bag where you can get to it when the time comes for you to go.

Bugging out by vehicle means that you’re leaving in a vehicle that’s already prepared ahead of time for a bug out. That means your vehicle is gassed up and ready to go within seconds.

It’s time to bug out when the place you’re at is no longer safe – or could be compromised – and survival may become an issue. This means you need to be prepared to bug out in the event of a weather emergency, a terrorist attack, a flash mob or a riot.

You also need to leave fast if there’s a contaminate set loose in your area – such as a train derailment and the train was carrying some nasty hazardous materials that escaped into the air. City-wide black outs are a criminal’s favorite time to come out and wreak havoc. Your possessions aren’t worth losing your life over – so leave.

If there’s been a city-wide breakdown of communication resources, like if the 911 system crashes, get out. These systems are all computer run – and when the computer crashes, you’re on your own. When a city goes down, law and order goes out the window and chaos ensues.

If some nasty weather is headed your direction and it’s not looking good, get out before the government officials tell you to get out. Why? Because there will always be thousands who wait until the last possible minute to leave – and you may end up trapped in your vehicle sitting still on an interstate while a harrowing storm bears down on you.

Plan ahead of time to take an alternate evacuation route, since the main roads will be overrun by people trying to leave. Print out your escape routes and have them where you can get to them easily.

Know where you’re going. Don’t just hop into your vehicle and take off. Plan ahead for every possible emergency. Have your kit or bag ready to take with you when you go. Inside the bag, you should have water, food, first aid, a way to take care of shelter – like a sleeping bag or poncho, flashlights and personal safety tools like Mace or weapons.

Make sure you pack a battery-operated or hand crank radio so that you can listen for emergency broadcasts. Have a way to start a fire and make sure you have a change of clothes.

Photo credit: Foter / Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0)

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caloiresThe average American says it’s easier to do their own taxes than it is to figure out what to eat and how many calories per day they need. Whether you’re planning your emergency food strategy or you’re reviewing an existing plan, now is a good time to think it through so you can ensure that everyone in your family has adequate nutrition in an emergency. Fortunately, it’s not that hard:

What kind of emergency?

First, ask yourself what kind of emergency you’re planning for. If you’re creating an emergency stash of food for a snow day where you’ll be playing games all day, you won’t need as many calories as you would if you’re spending the day clearing storm debris. Caloric needs have been updated recently and require an understanding of what it means to be sedentary, moderately active or active.

Sedentary means no extra physical activity beyond daily activities for living.

Moderate means walking up to 3 miles daily at a normal pace (3 to 4 mph).

Active walking more than 3 miles daily, or heavy manual labor.

Consider the likely disasters in your geographic area then imagine what your day would be like. Would you be engaged repairing your house, clearing debris or helping the community rebuild or would you be passing time with paperbacks until services returned to normal?

How many calories?

Calorie ChartOnce you’ve determined your “emergency” activity level, check the chart (2014 U.S. Dietary Guidelines) for recommended maximum calorie intake. If you’d like to take the opportunity to lose some weight, subtract up to 500 calories from the recommended caloric intake.

Balance your calories

There are a lot of fad diets out there that require you to avoid certain types of food, such as carbs and fat. However, carbohydrates are required for energy and fat helps you feel full and can help stabilize blood sugar. Wise Company entrees and snacks allow you to create the right balance. Choose from our freeze-dried such as Roasted Chicken or Savory Roasted Ground Beef. Then, choose an energy source such as granola or pasta entrees. Include a freeze-dried vegetable for fiber and micronutrients and you’ll have a well-rounded meal that will keep you going no matter what.

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2014 is here. Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines in early November, reminds us of how critical it is to review survival stocks in order to be prepared for the unexpected. Here are five things you should do now to be prepared during the new year:

Rotate your stored fuel supply.

fuelIf you’ve had gasoline in canisters sitting for more than one year, it’s time to freshen up. Top off your car with the stored fuel now. Then, replenish your gas cans with fresh gas. Gasoline is a refined product, created to perform best within certain parameters. Over time it degrades, causing it’s performance, and subsequently your car’s, to fall short.

Check expiration dates on medical and pharma supplies.

Pharmacists regularly warn to toss expired medication. Expiration dates on medicine don’t necessarily indicate that a certain medication will “go bad”. Rather, these dates are more indicative of the manufacturer’s recommendation of the time frame for use because stated dosage may not be as potent following its expiration. Regardless, now is a good time to review your survival kits and replace expired medicine, especially if it has expired within 6 months or more. This is especially true for any medicine that has been opened. If it’s expired, toss it.

Update your bug-out bag.

If you live in a climate that has marked seasons, go through your bug-out bag and make seasonal adjustments. When you originally prepped it, it may have been spring or summer. We’re in the winter season now, and it’s crucial to make the right seasonal adjustments. While you’re at it, double check that all of your items are working properly or are within their stated usage period. If not, replace items as necessary to ensure your bag is prepped and ready.

Round out your supplies with the items you’ve been putting off.

For a variety of reasons, there are always those items that seem to get pushed down the priority list. Make them a priority this year. For example, do you stock liquid bleach for purifying water but know it might be better to move to tablets or granules? Do it this year and stop putting it off. Many survivalists store tablet or granular form of common pool shock, also known as calcium hypochlorite, instead of bleach.

Review and update your emergency contacts and procedures.

This should be an annual exercise, especially if you’ve changed jobs, married, moved or lost a loved one. Ensure those closest to you know how to reach you, and vice versa. Your emergency procedures may also need some fresh eyes, especially if you’ve moved. Update your emergency procedures and ensure your entire family understands any necessary changes.

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Tropical-IslandThere is a possibility that one out 10 people can be stranded alone on a deserted island and can be very difficult to survive. Survival for humans means shelter, food, and clothing. Today, the advancement of science and technologies have led much of humankind to forget even the most basic techniques of survival.

This neglect could mean danger or even death to individuals especially when they are trapped in a precarious situation. This is the reason why people must understand why it is important be prepared at all times. It is normal to panic, but keep in mind that panic can only lead to discomfort and harm. There are survival techniques that one needs to learn which can be used in case you find yourself trapped in an unlikely situation. These are the following:

1. Building fire – One of the most important survival techniques is learning how to make fire. The benefits of fire can be used for light, cooking food, purifying water, signaling possible rescuers, and supplying warmth to the body. When stranded on an island it is natural to be in the territory of wild animals, and fire can keep predators away. Fire can be ignited with the help of a lighter or matchbox. catching-fireHowever, if you do not have those kinds of tools, learn how to make a fire by using the old-fashioned way – by rubbing two small rocks to start a fire. Although, this technique can be difficult for some individuals, a little practice can do the trick. Furthermore, do not forget to collect enough wood that can sustain fire for one whole night.

Read this simple 36-page survival guide that will give you everything I’ve learned about building fires in one easy 30 minute read.

There’s no fluff and NO B.S. Just the raw information and step-by-step instructions you need to start a roaring fire no matter where you are or what “tools” you have on hand.

2. Food and Water – When stranded, food and water are essential for survival. A person can survive up to 3 days without drinking water. Consider conserving water at all times and do not ever attempt to drink urine. Collect and stock enough food such as plants, animals, and fruits. Do not try to eat plants and wild berries that are unfamiliar to you. If the cause of the incidence is a plane crash or such, visit the crash site and try to search for food. When drinking water, if possible always boil the water before drinking it. Use a piece of cloth to strain the water to remove any particles in the water.

3. Building a shelter is another of the survival techniques that will be useful when stranded on an island. One of the enemies in survival is maintaining the overall body temperature. Making a shelter can help protect you from direct heat, exposure to wind, rain or even snow. You should practice how to make a quick shelter that can withstand different weather conditions by using materials around you. Do not forget to include creating a hat and keeping your body protected from elements. According to some experts, layers of clothing can trap the air and can provide the body warmth.

These survival techniques are the most basic that a person can perform to survive until rescue arrives. Knowing the different survival techniques can be very helpful when it comes to survival. Being stranded on a deserted island is a million to nothing chance, however it always pays to be prepared. It’s never too early to learn and understand the different survival techniques.

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