Mayan history and civilization have contributed a lot to the historical records especially about astronomy. They used their astronomical knowledge to predict events related to different celestial bodies. The knowledge they have about the entire solar system and galaxy, and the prophesies about the celestial events such as solar eclipses, are nearly perfect. Actually, they predicted the celestial events of the future, in which have come true over the period of time.
The Mayan calendar prediction convinced a lot of people around the world that this coming December 21, 2012 every life form on this earth will be annihilated. But did the Mayans predict that the end of the world is in 2012 or is it just one of several false impressions in the archaeological discoveries?
Basically, the 2012 Mayan calendar prediction about the end of the world was included in the Long Count calendar which had a significant place in Mayan culture. The Long Count calendar followed the ‘Great Cycle’ calendar, that has a time period of approximately 1,872,000 days or 5,125.37 years. This 5,125.37 years was one-fifth of the one entire precession of the equinox, which is the 25,765 years. Due to their knowledge about astronomical observations, the Mayans were able to distinguish the precession of the equinox. With the Long Count calendar, they were able to identify that the Great Cycle started on 11th August 3114 BC would end on 21st December, 2012 AD.
The Mayans predicted that December 21, 2012 AD will mark the end of the cycle, which would repeat, and not the end of the world as many believe. Basically, there are no records about the Mayan calendar predicting anything about the year 2012 that would signal the end of the world. You will be the one to judge if the occurrences are really true or not.