A Castaway’s Guide to Survival
While you may not stranded alone on a deserted island, there are other scenarios you might find yourself in where it can be very difficult to survive.
Survival for humans means shelter, food, and clothing. Today, the advancement of science and technologies have led much of humankind to forget even the most basic techniques of survival.
This neglect could mean danger or even death to individuals especially when they are trapped in a precarious situation. This is the reason why people must understand why it is important be prepared at all times. It is normal to panic, but keep in mind that panic can only lead to discomfort and harm. There are survival techniques that one needs to learn which can be used in case you find yourself trapped in an unlikely situation. These are the following:
1. Building fire – One of the most important survival techniques is learning how to make fire. The benefits of fire can be used for light, cooking food, purifying water, signaling possible rescuers, and supplying warmth to the body. When stranded on an island it is natural to be in the territory of wild animals, and fire can keep predators away. Fire can be ignited with the help of a lighter or matchbox. However, if you do not have those kinds of tools, learn how to make a fire by using the old-fashioned way – by rubbing two small rocks to start a fire. Although, this technique can be difficult for some individuals, a little practice can do the trick. Furthermore, do not forget to collect enough wood that can sustain fire for one whole night.
2. Food and Water – When stranded, food and water are essential for survival. A person can survive up to 3 days without drinking water. Consider conserving water at all times and do not ever attempt to drink urine. Collect and stock enough food such as plants, animals, and fruits. Do not try to eat plants and wild berries that are unfamiliar to you. If the cause of the incidence is a plane crash or such, visit the crash site and try to search for food. When drinking water, if possible always boil the water before drinking it. Use a piece of cloth to strain the water to remove any particles in the water.
3. Building a shelter is another of the survival techniques that will be useful when stranded on an island. One of the enemies in survival is maintaining the overall body temperature. Making a shelter can help protect you from direct heat, exposure to wind, rain or even snow. You should practice how to make a quick shelter that can withstand different weather conditions by using materials around you. Do not forget to include creating a hat and keeping your body protected from elements. According to some experts, layers of clothing can trap the air and can provide the body warmth.
These survival techniques are the most basic that a person can perform to survive until rescue arrives. Knowing the different survival techniques can be very helpful when it comes to survival. Being stranded on a deserted island is a million to nothing chance, however it always pays to be prepared. It’s never too early to learn and understand the different survival techniques.