Organic gardening compost is easy to make and requires nothing in the way of special equipment or high-tech knowledge.
Although it is common to see compost being created in special bins or barrels, this is not really needed and it can be done in the open. All that is need is that the organic gardening compost pile should be in contact with soil so that soil organisms can mix with it (essential for the creation of good compost) but if the if the pile is on some kind of platform, mixing a small amount of soil into the pile at regular intervals will suffice.Since composting is a slow process and it is needed at regular intervals, having a few piles in different stages of development will ensure that compost is available to you when you need it.
Compost is not complex in nature – it consists of decayed carbon and nitrogen bearing materials which, because of the decay, release these elements into the soil.The best results are produced when carbon and nitrogen rich materials are mixed in equal proportions – this is a rule of the thumb and an exact balance is not needed. Grass, soya bean and cotton meal, manure, kitchen scraps and food leftovers usually have a high nitrogen content. Common carbon rich materials used for organic gardening compost are all kinds of dry bulky plant-based materials like hay, straw, leaves and other such organic matter.
Since top soil is half air and water, the best organic gardening compost is also of the same consistency so that it is easily absorbed in the soil. The simplest and most effective way of achieving the required density of organic gardening compost is to grind up the materials to fine particles – this will not only create the right density buy speed up the composting process.However if you are not able to grind up the bulky materials, don’t let it worry you, the end result will still be good usable organic garden compost. Ensure that the compost remains moist but not so wet that you can squeeze water out of it.
It is best to leave the compost pile alone while the decay and fermenting are happening, except of, course for maintaining the dampness.You will find a lot of heat coming from your organic gardening compost pile – the core temperature can often reach in excess of 160 degrees F – but this is a normal part of the decay process and not a cause for concern.Turning the pile during the composting process (recommended by some experts) is rarely required and it is better to just leave it alone – turning can slow down or accelerate the natural composting process and unless you are sure of what you are doing, it is best avoided.Compost is a natural substance and forms naturally so once the process starts, it is best to leave the pile alone to decay and ferment.